By Tahlia Mannix on July 04 2018 23:57:02
Loose and casual, the distinctive design of this fire pit makes it feel as though it springs naturally from the paved patio area. Although the fire pit is a central part of the secluded backyard, the homeowners tucked it in a seating corner, surrounding it with benches and chairs to better manage the main traffic flow in the landscape.
Scale and shape are important in a fire pit design, too. Angles and straight lines in a home or yard equal the same in a fire pit. The rustic bend of this version is tempered with a cool almost-white stone selection and flat edge at the top.
All permanent fire pits have some sort of fireproof material as a surround; it acts as a barrier to prevent people from getting too close and as a buffer to any loose, hot materials that may escape the structure. If you have the space, a wider than normal decking can be easily integrated into the fire pit’s permanent seating, for a setup that mimics this space. Here, a slightly raised surround elevates the narrow ring of the fire pit and offers casual seating for larger gatherings.
The Dakota fire pit is an efficient, simple fire design that produces little to no smoke. As depicted in the illustration, two small holes are dug in the ground: one for the firewood and the other to provide a draft of air. Small twigs are packed into the fire hole and readily combustible material is set on top and lit. The fire burns from the top downward, drawing a steady, laminar stream of fresh air from the air hole as it burns. Because the air passes freely around the fuel, near complete combustion is achieved, the result being a fire that burns strongly and brightly and with little or no seen smoke. The Dakota fire pit is a tactical fire used by the United States military as the flame produces a low light signature, reduced smoke, and is easier to ignite under strong wind conditions.